/* javascript ----------------------------------------------- */ <body><script type="text/javascript"> function setAttributeOnload(object, attribute, val) { if(window.addEventListener) { window.addEventListener('load', function(){ object[attribute] = val; }, false); } else { window.attachEvent('onload', function(){ object[attribute] = val; }); } } </script> <div id="navbar-iframe-container"></div> <script type="text/javascript" src="https://apis.google.com/js/plusone.js"></script> <script type="text/javascript"> gapi.load("gapi.iframes:gapi.iframes.style.bubble", function() { if (gapi.iframes && gapi.iframes.getContext) { gapi.iframes.getContext().openChild({ url: 'https://www.blogger.com/navbar.g?targetBlogID\x3d6234500\x26blogName\x3dChina+Letter-News+and+Human+Rights\x26publishMode\x3dPUBLISH_MODE_BLOGSPOT\x26navbarType\x3dBLUE\x26layoutType\x3dCLASSIC\x26searchRoot\x3dhttp://uygurletter.blogspot.com/search\x26blogLocale\x3den_AU\x26v\x3d2\x26homepageUrl\x3dhttp://uygurletter.blogspot.com/\x26vt\x3d2962660376196259147', where: document.getElementById("navbar-iframe-container"), id: "navbar-iframe" }); } }); </script>

China Letter-News and Human Rights

China human rights news with focus on the Uygur of Xinjiang, Tibetans and Tibet, Chinese mining workers, religion, corruption and censorship.

Monday, January 26, 2004

NEWSPAPER SLUR ANGERS UIGHURS

uighur-l NEWSPAPER SLUR ANGERS UIGHURS


The Uygur people of Xinjiang China are in really a very unenviable position.

They do not wear saffron robes and are not Buddhists (or at least not any more) so they do not attract the attention of the Richrd Gere's of the world as the Tibetans do. Somehow after "9/11" being Muslim does not elicit a lot of world sympathy.

They live under a regime whose censorship laws are so harsh that you could be imprisoned ( and possibly worse) for handing out leaflets that are anyway negative of the state. So, they can not effectively get the message of their plight to the outside world.

They live in a country that is on the verge of an economic boom that has all the capitalists "free" nations around the world almost salivating to get a part of the bone and willing to bury any scruples or ignore any "minor issues" of human right abuse in doing so.

But the Uygur are a Turkic people and until fairly recently that meant something important to them. They had a worldwide brotherhood of "kinsmen" stretching from the Central Asian plateaus through to the Caucuses and to Turkey. Among these "brothers" they sought solace, moral support and inspiration. In many instances their lives where saved by being able to step across the borders. Generations of Uygur intelligensia have looked to Turkey for inspiration as leaders and supporters.

As the article cited above attests this is no longer the case. Where once they sought a shoulder now the Uygur may face a fist. Where once they may have sought sancturary more than likely now they will be mached back to the borders and forcibly repatriated no matter what their possible fate. Where once in Turkey they had parks named after their nationalist leaders now the Uygur organisations in diaspora are refused the right to hold peaceful international meetings.

This then is the reality of Central Asian and Turkish politics today where "brothers" can be ignored.

Is it because the Uygurs are international terrorists, a threat to regional peace and safety? No it is no more than a desire by these nations to curry favour with the Chinese. The Central Asian states, predominantly run by near despots who came up from the ranks of the old Soviet regime, see the wealth of opportunity of being seen to be supportive of Beijing. Trade deals, billions in potential investment and 1 plus billion potential consumers can do a lot to turn a fellows head. Being less than vocal in supporting the Uygur is a small investment indeed.

The "Great Game" of the 19th and early 20th centuries that was played out between Russia and Britain over Central Asia and northwestern China is back on and being joined by the likes of the United States, China, India and some European countries including Turkey. Each is trying for an economic and/or military presence. The Central Asians are falling over themselves in accomodation, hedging bets all for the almighty dollar, yuan or ruble.

The article cited reports how a Kazakhstan newspaper essentially branded the 200,000 plus Uygurs living in Kazakhstan as terrorists and trouble makers. This is not a new story though it has not been as publicly stated before. In Uzbekistan there has been rumblings against the Uygur residents there for some time. The publication of the article mentioned does however mark an important turning point for the Uygur.

Whilst the Kazakhstan Interior Minister distances his government from the opinions expressed one can not help thinking back to the early rumblings against another ethnic group. Not that one expects a "final solution" to the Uygur question but the outcome could be less than pleasent for the Uygur of Xinjiang and Cental Asia generally if they remain friendless in the world.

The Uygur truely are in an unenviable position. Alone in the world, championed by no one and now sold out by their brothers for 12 pieces of silver. It is hoped that they are happy with the money and do not want to take a part in the execution.

Friday, January 23, 2004

Terrorism & Security | csmonitor.com



Uygur Detainees at Guantanono


Terrorism & Security | csmonitor.com

Whilst I am a great supporter of a "War on Terrorism" I am getting increasingly concerned about certain aspects of it's prosecution.

I have argued extensively that China's contribution to the "War" for example is little more than a mask for it's continued suppression of their Muslim minority, particularly the Uygur of Xinjiang. I have also alluded to the feeling that I am getting that the "War" is being used increasingly as a political tool and that the hunting down of Taliban "stragglers" does not constitute an attack against the core of Terrorism.

Having just read the above article I am becoming more frustrated.

It has been a considerable period of time since the inmates of Guantanomo were incarcerated. We know little about them. We do not know if they are high ranking "terrorists" or just "foot soldiers" caught up in the culture of the Taliban. There are now questions being raised as to the process under which they will be tried.

It was of particular concern to me to learn through this article that there are apparently children among the incarcerated who must have been as young as 15 or 16 at the time of their capture. No one will argue that someone so young can be guilty of terrorist acts but surely fairness would require that their age be taken into consideration in all areas of their handling and processing. If they were not terrorists when they went in they will be definite candidates when they come out.

Among the detainees apparently are three Uygurs (the Uygurs are a Muslim ethnic minority from Xinjiang a north west border region ) and it was mooted recently that they would be returned to China for trial. It is obvious to many commentators, myself included, that such a move would ensure their execution under a Chinese legal system that treats, even the most relatively minor cases of political dissent, as a capital offence, especially if it is perpetrated by an Uygur.

The detainees, firstly, must, as a group, be treated as POWs and accorded the same rights as provided for under the Geneva Convention. There future must be decided sooner rather than later. If there are suspected terrorists among them they must be identified and brought to a speedy trial. If they are to be repatriated they are done so with due consideration to their possible fates.

To defeat something you must be equal to the challenge and you must be better than that which you battle. In the "War on Terrorism" we have done many things that do not make us better than the people we fight.

We have allowed gross human rights violations in the name of the "War" witness China and Uzbekistan, we have brought undue suffering and stigmatization to a world of Muslims. We have allowed indefinite and cruel incarcerations against all our supposed democratic principlesand supported at least de facto very undemocratic regimes.

Let a real "War on Terror" continue but let us not stoop to the level of those we truly must battle.

Wednesday, January 21, 2004

Yahoo! Mail - steviesullivan@yahoo.com.au

Yahoo! Mail - steviesullivan@yahoo.com.au


Looking for an academic who would be willing to supply an article for a respcted Asian On Line newsagency concerning the Uygur people of Xinjiang. contact me at webmaster@uygurworld.com

Friday, January 16, 2004

The Chinese and terrorism: A question of "proper candor"





The moral problem that arises out of state run propaganda does so, not as a result of the target audience believing in the veracity of the propaganda, but, when members of that audience do not believe, however choose to act as if they do in furtherance of their own agendas.

A practical problem that arises out of the running of state propaganda, and one that the Nazis had managed effectively, is that for propaganda to be effective the propagandist must be consistent in the untruths and misinformation he propagates. Holes in a boat will eventually sink it.

The People’s Republic of China has, within it’s borders, a relatively little known ethnic minority the Uygur , who live predominantly in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in China’s north west border area.

The Uygur are Caucasian, mostly Muslim and speak a Turkic language. The inclusion of the name “Uygur” in the regions title is reflective of the situation in 1955 when the Uygur were by far the largest ethnic group in the region. They currently number some 8.5 million and up until the early 1960’s lived a fairly insular and relatively politically free existence as a result of Xinjiang’s geographical remoteness and it’s then apparent economic bareness. That situation had existed, despite the fact that they had been nominally ruled by successive Chinese regimes, since 1876. Going back in time the Uygur had been in the 9th CE, rulers a great empire in Central Asia and in the 1940’s had established a short lived independent state of Eastern Turkestan..

Since the early 1960’s, however, things have changed dramatically in Xinjiang. The discovery of rich reserves of natural resources and the increasing strategic importance of the area brought about a PRC policy to populate the region with a resultant inpouring of Han ”migrants”.

The Uygur in a relatively short period of time therefore, have gone from a position of hegemony in 1949 to one of near tenuity now. Their traditional economy has largely been supplanted and their environment has been irrevocably changed.

But the Uygur, to date, has demonstrated a remarkable resilience to these changes. They have refused to be assimilated since the communist takeover as they had refused to be totally subjugated by the Chinese since their first recorded meeting in 63 BCE. They stand out like a sore thumb on the hand of Chinese homogeneity.

From their earliest history the Chinese have pursued an active policy of expansion and assimilation as they moved outwards from the East and the last 53 years under communist rule has been no different. From the early Mao period the PRC has followed an undeclared policy of assimilation of ethnic groups, the Uygur, however, have been less than totally acquiescent to this policy. And, this, the PRC does not like one iota.

Initially, the policies implemented to achieve the PRC’s goal were fairly benign in nature, almost paternal, but, with the failure of the Uygur to comply, the methods have become more overt and much more direct. They have escalated from the novel such as “intermarriage bonuses”, through attempts at religious re-education, to more multi-targeted and concerted plans.

Prior to the riots in Gulja (Yinning) in 1997 the Chinese policies had gone fairly much unnoticed by the outside world but with this event the situation altered considerably.

It is not just coincidence then, that subsequent to the riots in Gulja and the severe government recriminations that followed and the world attention ensuant, that the word “Terrorist” began to increasingly replace the century old terminology “Separatist” and “Splittist” to describe those seeking independence from China. The term “Separatist” not having quite the same evil connotations that the term “terrorist” does.

The propaganda machine had been kicked over.

It was put very much into high gear with the events of “9/11”. Within a month of that date, and before the dust of the Twin Towers had settled, the PRC had commenced an orchestrated propaganda and lobby programme in an attempt to couch their policies within the terms of the “War on Terror”. In doing so they hoped to mask the actions they deemed necessary to finish the task of breaking the collective will of the Uygur people.

For propaganda to be successful, however, it must be universally believed and, to be believed, it must be themed, it must be constant and it must be consistent in the misinformation it provides. To this end the PRC has almost failed miserably.

If it were not for the fact that the PRC’s propaganda is meant to mask serious human rights violations including mass detentions and executions it would be almost comical similar in the vein to the “Keystone Cops”. The PRC has contradicted itself over their facts more times than can be touched on here. These contradictions are not minor, nor are they so deeply hidden that it would require minute investigate analysis to reveal. These are contradictions of purported facts that an average person, with half a day to spare, a computer, access to the Internet and either the CNN’s, BBC’s or People’s Daily archives would easily be able to uncover. Some examples are:

In 1999 it was reported that the head of the XUAR, Abdul’ahat Abdurxit, had stated that terrorist incidents had died down and had consisted of several bombing and one or two politically motivated assassinations in the previous ten years. Then we have post “9/11” statements from the PRC claiming over 200 hundred terrorist incidents since 1987 perpetrated by 15 Uygur terrorist organisations and resulting in 163 deaths and 440 injuries.

As recently as December 2003 we had an extraordinary series of events. On the 15th December the PRC, through it’s news organ the People’s Daily, released an item naming for the “first time publicly” Uygur terrorists organisations and their leaders and openly called upon the rest of the world to assist in their capture. One of those named was the alleged leader of the East Turkestan Islamic Movement, (ETIM) the only internationally proscribed Uygur terrorist group and considered by the Chinese, supposedly as one would think, public enemy number one.

On the 23rd of the same month the PRC had to provide a statement saying that this Uygur “Bin Laden” had actually been killed in a raid by the Pakistanis on a rag tag bunch of Al Qaeda suspects two months prior. To add insult to injury the Pakistanis claimed that the PRC had aided in his bodies’ identification at the time. Is this the tenor of a nation so in fear of it’s supposed terrorist threat?

The disturbing thing in all this, however, is that despite these and many more glaring anomalies; despite the various Uygur diaspora organisations tearing apart every Chinese Communique for accuracy; despite the remonstrations of several Human rights organisations such as Amnesty International ; despite the warnings of the UN Human Rights Commission and, despite the analysis of academic experts, that the world’s leaders continue to appear so “blind” to the propaganda.

When the US State department supported China in the listing of ETIM as a proscribed organisation by the United Nations it released a statement which said, in part, that it had done so based on the facts provided by the PRC and some nebulous news articles printed by Hong Kong and a Russian Newsagencies. Not only was this fairly weak “evidence” but it came less than a year after a US special envoy on counter terrorism stating that the US did not consider Uygur independence organisations terrorists.

One simple “wink wink, nudge nudge, you scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours’ for whatever reasons, in the name of whatever “greater good”, had validated and provided endorsement to the PRC’s policy of enforced Sinofication and effectively allowed the PRC greater scope and freedom to complete the task at hand. Without over dramatisation had we not seen this all before in diplomatic relations with pre War Nazi Germany?

Much harm has been caused, human rights have and continue to be to be severely violated, executions have not stopped all with nary a word of reproach from the “Free World”. The time has come, some two and a half years after the “War on Terrorism” was declared, for the world to step back and re-identify it’s real enemies and then to strike them hard and relentlessly. The war on genuine terror must be pursued vigorously and ultimately be successful. But, it is also now time to identify those regimes that are using the “War” to mask the furtherance of their ethnic, religious and political agendas and strike them , metaphorically speaking, equally as hard.

It has to be remembered that a terrorist is not only the person on a crowded bus with a bomb. Terrorist states have far greater power and projection than any supposed terrorist generalissimo whose end is dying in the mud of some Pakistani backwater town.


===========================================================
About the Author: Stephen Sullivan is an Australian and amateur “Uygurologist” and author of several articles on the Uygur people. As well, he is the publisher of several web sites on the Uygur and Turkic peoples of China and Central Asia under the masthead uygurWORLD




Wednesday, January 07, 2004

The "Uygur Question": A proposed resolution model.


The "Uygur Question" needs resolution. It needs resolution for a variety of reasons.

It is undoubted, despite PRC protestations to the contrary, that the human rights of the Uygur people of Xinjiang are being violated. There are unlawful detentions, there are sham trials and there are even executions. Religious freedom whilst far from being trampled is compromised. Freedom of speech is non existent, fear is pervasive.

The Uygur's unique culture is being eroded at a rapid rate whether intentional consequence of PRC policy or not.

The "Uygur Question" needs resolution from the Han Chinese perspective too. The "Uygur Question" is a constant thorn in it's side domestically and internationally. It drains resources and manpower. It invokes fear, real or otherwise, in it's citizenry as well as within the organs of power. It presents a strategic problem that the Han can do without.

The loss of the Uygur culture will be a loss to the world as well. It will be of no less importance than then the disappearing Amazon rainforests, or Panda habitats or tiger populations, or the many other issues that takes the world's attentions.

Not reaching a solution will see the total destruction of a unique culture that goes back some 2,000 years, the culture of the roots of a tree that has spread it's branches throughout the world and impacted upon it so greatly. These are a people that once ruled a great and mighty empire at the crossroads of great civilisations. The mighty Mongol Khans held them in great esteem and adopted many of their cultural elements, which they then took with them throughout the known world. The Uygur culture is a time capsule.

A solution can be found and there is no better time than the lead up to the Beijing Olympics for the wheels to be put in motion. In fact it may be the last opportunity, for, not for a long time hence, will the PRC be so yearning for world approbation.

The solution, I believe, can be found in the acronym LACIM.

Leadership

The Uygur must raise from it's ranks a leadership group that can crystallise realistic objectives, unify the Uygur people in the attainment of same and be able to negotiate and facilitate change at the highest of levels.

This leadership group and the process of identification and funding must be supported and facilitated by the People's Republic and the international community. Without freedom and support it is unlikely that people of the right calibre will step forward given the PRC's history on dissent and dissidents.

The criteria for membership of this group is that they must be

 young
 intelligent and educated
 worldly and modern
 understanding of the needs of the Uygur peoples and other cultures in Xinjiang
 cognisant of the culture and psychology of the Han
 acceptable by higher Han society and government
 acceptable by the greater world


Paradoxically that class of Uygur that is often derided by their fellows, the Han educated, so called "Sinofied Uygurs", provide the best criteria fit.

Many Uygur children are selected by the PRC for special education within the mainstream Han education system. Many are taken to school in Beijing and educated through to university standard, many go on to post graduate study. They are young, well educated, more in touch with the modern world obviously fluent in Chinese and generally in English. They have lived the Han culture and value system and as such they are not only able to successfully negotiate with the Han but will have very real credibility with the greater world generally.

There are also academics, artists, etc away from China who have world experience without any political allegiances that may fit the criteria.

The Uygur in diaspora who run "Uygur Organisations" from the comfort of Europe or the United States have no role to play in this leadership group. Like the post Tzarist Russian emigre class they can offer little and in fact will be a major hindrance to the process if they continue with what the PRC see as "China Bashing". Quite frankly such organisations have done little to further the Uygur cause and with each successive day away from Xinjiang the increasingly less relevant they become. They do not, however, have to be totally cut out of the equation and can, through their myriad of international contacts, provide support and encouragement to this new group and the process they must undertake, however, this will require quite a considerable "sea change" in their posture.

Nor either can the supporters of Pan Turkic or Pan Islamic ideologies play any role. Their ideologies are completely the antithesis to the process that needs to be undertaken. It goes without saying that militant elements of any persuasion need not apply.

Acceptance


Uygur

The new Uygur leadership must sell "acceptance" to the reality that there will be no "Free Eastern Turkestan" or that Xinjiang will become a part of a Pan Turkic or Islamic state or confederation. Not only must the Uygur people "accept" but they must also be seen to "accept" and support the dropping of any claims to independence. This is of vital importance to the process.

They also must accept the fact of the current demographic situation and that this can not be undone.

People's Republic

The PRC must accept the Uygur as an ethnically and cultural diverse peoples and different to the Han Chinese. That, attempts at forced "Sinofication" or cultural assimilation will not only fail and possibly result in bloodshed but, that it is not the result that in the longer term will be in the best national interests of the PRC.

Further, they must accept that in the long term, if a non peaceful resolution of the "Uygur Question" can not be found, then that will adversely effect China's standing in the eyes of the world and impact negatively on all of it's international relations. The "War on Terror" has provided a temporary mask for the "Uygur Question" but this will not always be so.

The PRC given it's recent "New China" policy can actually gain international kudos by it's mature handling of the "Uygur Question" and preserve for future generations a culture that has been so historically important to the Chinese Nation.

Concessions

For the process to commence, let alone succeed, there must be a demonstrative willingness and desire by both parties, Uygur and Chinese, for it's success. This will require both parties providing "concessions" to prove the bona fide’s of their intentions. Mandatory concessions would have to include


Uygur Concessions

 An international demonstration by the Uygur that they formally, renounce any claims of Uygur or Islamic sovereignty over Xinjiang. Examples could be by way of Plebiscite or referenda.
 Similar demonstrations that they renounce all Pan Turkic and/or Pan Islamic ambitions for themselves and the region.
 Publicly disassociate themselves from any organisation that promotes such ideologies
 Demonstrate that they are willing to accept the current demographic make up of Xinjiang and they will not request redress. Further that they will work within it for the good of all Xinjiang's people and China generally.
 Demonstrate that they accept that the Chinese language is the main language of Xinjiang in terms at least of higher education, trade, government and employment.
 Acceptance of PRC population policies and acknowledge that despite whatever policies and programmes are put in place that the Han will eventually become by far the dominant ethnic group in Xinjiang.
 Renounce all claims as to financial or material redress, a la the Inuit and the Australian aboriginal scenarios, other than as set out below. That is no land rights claims or claims for compensation.
 All Uygur diaspora organisations to review their agendas in support of the process or else publicly be disassociated by the Uygur of Xinjiang.
 Concede that Uygurs who have committed criminal or terrorists acts must be made available for judgment by duly constituted courts within the state framework.
 That the Uygur ,as part of their willingness to recognise the realities of the current and future demographic situation, offer that the word "Uygur" be omitted from the title of the region


PRC Concessions.

 An international demonstration that it accepts the concept of multi culturalism within the Chinese state and particularly as it concerns the Turkic people of Xinjiang. This could be by way of official government statement.
 Announce that all policies and legislation currently implemented in Xinjiang will be reviewed by an independent body for purposes of determining the "Sinofication" effect inherent in them and, for them to be amended accordingly.
 Announce a moratorium, for a period to be negotiated, on Han migration to Xinjiang. This moratorium is to remain in effect until other elements of this process have born fruit. Put simply, no Han Chinese can "immigrate" to Xinjiang within the period of the moratorium. Economic, social and employment needs to be met by contract workers or by way of "working visa" arrangements similar to any nation state or by exception through negotiation with the Uygur leadership.
 Implement workable "Affirmative Action Policies" to raise the quality of the Uygur to a level to allow them to compete equally with the Han for employment and business opportunities in all sectors of the economy, including the Public service, and to ensure non discrimination. This will be a determining factor as to the to the length of the moratorium on Han immigration.
 Be willing to negotiate long term "Flood controls" on Han immigration to the region and actively encourage the return of Uygurs now in diaspora.
 Exempt minorities from family planning legislation as a partial offset to the inevitable growth of the Han population through natural increase and immigration.
 Announce the setting up of Minorities Cultural Trusts eg Uygur Cultural Trust. These trusts are to be the beneficiaries of a set percentage of Xinjiang GDP. The purpose of the trusts to be worked out as to the minutiae but include at least
- A trust similar to the National Trust of England for the preservation of culturally unique buildings, infrastructure and areas of historical and cultural importance. This could include legislation similar to "Sacred Site" legislation in Australia which allows the Aborigines control over access and usage of these areas. For example areas of Kashgar or Turpan could be set aside for the Uygur whereby they have the right to manage business and residential usage.
- Sub Committee for the setting up and management of cultural education system to complement and provide for eventual integration into the Han System
- Sub Committees to govern all other aspects of Uygur and minorities culture eg performing and graphic arts.
 Reconstitute the government system so that it can be fully representative of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang in line with the original "Autonomous" regional model that was so noble in theory and intent but did not work in practice. This would include electoral re-distributions and the avoidance of gerrymandering.
 Allow and provide infrastructure for the minorities to educate their children in a manner that will ensure an cultural grounding whilst preparing the child for full integration into the Han System by late primary or early secondary levels.
 Announce amnesty for political dissidents and provide a facility for the peaceable re integration of non- violent dissident groups and individuals without fear of retribution.
Repeal or renounce any legislation or policies limiting or denying freedom of religion, speech and association.

Implementation

 Realistic time tables to be negotiated
 Regular evaluations of progress
 Dispute mechanisms agreed to
 Requests for international support both moral and material (eg Foreign training scholarships etc)
 Community consultation, involvement and ownership of the process.


Monitoring
 The whole process, for reasons of transparency and dispute resolution, must be oversighted by an independent international body agreed to by both parties.


Conclusion
There can be a solution to the "Uygur Question" that is win/win for both the Uygur and the Chinese.

Additionally, a peaceful resolution can be an important component of the success or otherwise of China's quest for international integration and acceptance.

The process is by no means an easy one or one that can be implemented successfully overnight.

The concessions recommended are not inconsiderable, and, will require enormous goodwill, foresight, political will and courage. As well intensive analysis and planning and a great deal of "marketing" will be required.

But the result will far outweigh the cost and it's achievement does not destroy or unduly compromise the basic wants and needs of each party or their long term goals. Yes, there are, what appears to be, impossible requests for concessions, but if closely analysed they are but small relative to the possible positive outcomes. Of course the party die- hards and the Uygur nationalist organisations will need some heavy convincing.

The summary points of the hoped for outcome are:

 The Chinese will be assured that Xinjiang will not become an area of political turbulence and even armed insurgency and, as such, can divert resources to the continued opening up of this strategically and economically vital area. China's national integrity is assured and even bolstered
 International kudos will flow to the PRC with contingent goodwill. One thorn will be removed from their side.
 Success will greatly lessen the hopes and aspirations of Central Asian terrorist or Islamic fundamentalist groups thus adding to the stability of the region.
 International pressure over Taiwan will decrease as the Chinese can demonstrate to the world their reasonableness.
 The Uygur will have sufficient control over their cultural and religious integrity and political life to maintain their cultural integrity far into the future.
 The Uygur can be raised, through affirmative action programmes, to more fully and equitably participate in the share of the economic benefits of the region thus lessening a major element of potential unrest and increasing economic results for Xinjiang.
 The Uygur, not being a small part of the population, have an important economic role to play. By effectively making them partners in Xinjiang's economic results through indexing funding to the GDP the area is assured of their participation.
 An economic boom will ultimately ensue, particularly with regards to tourism, which very much untapped at present.
 The Uygur if they are supportive as a result of these initiatives are the perfect conduits (as they have been for 2,000 years) for trade to and from the Central Asian Republics.
 Fear and violence will be eradicated among the citizens of Xinjiang.


The Uygur Question can be solved it just needs the political will.












=========================================================
Footnote: The Uygur are a Turkic Muslim ethnic minority of China numbering some 7.5m the majority of whom reside in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in China's northwest.
For further information see
uygurWORLD